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** The first six months will be with 31 days, Falgun 29 days (30 days in leap year), and the rest five months will have 30 days in line with the revised calendar. Astrophysicist Dr Meghnad Saha led the first revision in the 1950s and Dr Muhammad Shahidullah in 1963. It is 594 less than the AD or CE year in the Gregorian calendar if it is before Pôhela Bôishakh, or 593 less if after Pôhela Bôishakh.
New Year’s Day is the first day of the year, or January 1, in the Gregorian calendar. Please check at least one of the boxes. No holidays shown? According to Banglapedia, Akbar's grandson Shah Jahan reformed the calendar to use a seven-day week that begins on Sunday, and the names of the months were changed at an unknown time to match the month names of the existing Saka calendar. The Bengali Calendar: A proud possession, by M. Arshad Ali (I followed the rules described here.)  According to Shamsuzzaman Khan, it could be Nawab Murshid Quli Khan, a Mughal governor, who first used the tradition of Punyaho as "a day for ceremonial land tax collection", and used Akbar's fiscal policy to start the Bangla calendar.  According to Amartya Sen, Akbar's official calendar "Tarikh-ilahi" with the zero year of 1556 was a blend of pre-existing Hindu and Islamic calendars. We diligently research and continuously update our holiday dates and information. Privacy & Terms.
It was not used much in India outside of Akbar's Mughal court, and after his death the calendar he launched was abandoned. Other Calendars. New Year’s Eve is the last day of the year, December 31, in the Gregorian calendar. The revised version of the Bengali calendar was officially adopted in Bangladesh in 1987. However, any Bangla date prior to 1988 is also calculated based on the new system. According to some sources, the current Bengali calendar owes its origin in Bengal to the rule of Mughal Emperor Akbar who adopted it to time the tax year to the harvest. A revised version of the calendar is the national and official calendar in Bangladesh and an earlier version of the calendar is followed in the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam. The new changes to match national days with West. © Time and Date AS 1995–2020. However, Bengali calendar also includes local West Bengal festivals which are celebrated by Bengali community only. However, unlike these regions where it starts in 57 BC, the Bengali calendar starts from 593 suggesting that the starting reference year was adjusted at some point. detailed Bengali Panjika with Festivals calendar and detailed Dainik Panji, Durga Puja, also known as Durgotsava, is a famous Hindu festival when Goddess Durga is worshipped, complete list of all Hindu festivals and celebrations. Duration Between Two Dates – Calculates number of days. , The Hindu Vikrami calendar is named after king Vikramaditya and starts in 57 BC. In the old Bengali calendar, February 21 fell on Falgun 9 earlier this year. United States 2001 – Calendar with American holidays. Calendar for 2020; Calendar Generator – Create a calendar for any year. Bangla Calendar or Bengali Calendar and Panjika 14th April 2020 - 14th April 2021 with Monthly Bengali 1427 Baisakh Calendar for Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
In the "Tarikh-e-Elahi" version of the calendar, each day of the month had a separate name, and the months had different names from what they have now. If you find a mistake, please let us know.
, Some historians attribute the Bengali calendar to the 7th century Hindu king Shashanka.  Among the Bengali community in India, the traditional Hindu calendar continues to be in use, and it sets the Hindu festivals. Aamabashya New calenear 2nd 5. Death day of Bhagat Sing. The New Year in the Bengali calendar is known as Pohela Boishakh.
This Date Converter follows the Bangla Calendar system defined by "Bangla Academy" and followed by the Govt. Bengali Festivals depend on geographic location and might differ for two cities and difference is quite noticeable for cities in different time zone.
Moon Phase Calendar – Calculate moon phases for any year. Bangla Calendar 1417 with holiday lists: Pous. James Lochtefeld (2002), "Jyotisha" in The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. The New Year in the Bengali calendar is known as Pohela Boishakh.
, Shamsuzzaman states, "it is called Bangla san or saal, which are Arabic and Parsee words respectively, suggests that it was introduced by a Muslim king or sultan. This is a month wise list of most Bengali festivals in the year 2001. The year 1426 is under way in line with the Bengali calendar.  These texts present Surya and various planets and estimate the characteristics of the respective planetary motion.  This was officially adopted by Bangladesh in 1987.. Holiday data for 2001 not available for Bangladesh. Akbar asked the royal astronomer Fathullah Shirazi to create a new calendar by combining the lunar Islamic calendar and solar Hindu calendar already in use, and this was known as Fasholi shan (harvest calendar).  Yet another theory states that the Sasanka calendar was adopted by Alauddin Husain Shah when he witnessed the difficulty with collecting land revenue by the Hijra calendar.
The Language Martyrs' Day of February 21, Independence Day of March 26 and Victory Day of December 16 will fall on Falgun 8, Chaitra 12, and Poush 1, respectively of the Bengali calendar for next 100 years now as they did in the Gregorian calendar years 1952 and 1971, according to new rules. , Another theory is that the calendar was first developed by Alauddin Husain Shah (reign 1494–1519), a Hussain Shahi sultan of Bengal by combining the lunar Islamic calendar (Hijri) with the solar calendar, prevalent in Bengal.  Jyotisha, one of the six ancient Vedangas, was the Vedic era field of tracking and predicting the movements of astronomical bodies in order to keep time. , The current Bengali calendar in use by Bengali people in the Indian states such as West Bengal, Tripura, Assam and Jharkhand is based on the Sanskrit text Surya Siddhanta, along with the modifications introduced during the Mughal rule by Akbar. The position of Sun and Moon determines the date and time of the Hindu festivals, complete list of all Indian festivals and holidays. Most of the festivals in Hindu Calendar are also listed in Bengali Calendar. The names of the days of the week in the Bengali Calendar are based on the Navagraha (Bengali: নবগ্রহ nôbôgrôhô). " In contrast, according to Sen, its traditional name is Bangabda. Hence one should set the location before looking into the festival list.
, During the Mughal rule, land taxes were collected from Bengali people according to the Islamic Hijri calendar.  Their calendar remains tied to the Hindu calendar system and is used to set the various Bengali Hindu festivals. ** In Bangladesh, the old Bengali calendar was modified again after 2018 by Bangladesh Govt.
 The term Bangabda (Bangla year) is found too in two Shiva temples many centuries older than Akbar era, suggesting that a Bengali calendar existed long before Akbar's time. , Hindus developed a calendar system in ancient times. , The current Bengali calendar in use in the Indian states is based on the Sanskrit text Surya Siddhanta.
This page lists all festivals in Bengali calendar in the year 2001 for New Delhi, NCT, India. However, adds Sen, there are traces of the "Tarikh-ilahi" that survive in the Bengali calendar. Please check holidays for 2020. 'Baṅgābda') is a luni-solar calendar used in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent. , In Bangladesh, however, the old Bengali calendar was modified in 1966 by a committee headed by Muhammad Shahidullah, making the first five months 31 days long, the rest 30 days each, with the month of Falgun adjusted to 31 days in every leap year. **Bangladesh reworks Bengali calendar to match national days with West. A revised version of the calendar is the national and official calendar in Bangladesh and an earlier version of the calendar is followed in the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam.
The Bengali calendar had been revised twice earlier. , Various dynasties whose territories extended into Bengal, prior to the 13th-century, used the Vikrami calendar. These calculations about the sun appears in various Sanskrit astronomical texts in Sanskrit, such as the 5th century Aryabhatiya by Aryabhata, the 6th century Romaka by Latadeva and Panca Siddhantika by Varahamihira, the 7th century Khandakhadyaka by Brahmagupta and the 8th century Sisyadhivrddida by Lalla. Virtual Bangladesh : History of the Bangla Year; The History of Bangla Calendar; Webbangladesh (A scan of 1410 calendar) BANGLA CALENDAR (Another scan by Atma o Jiban) Bangla Months ; West Bengal pages It retains the historic Sanskrit names of the months, with the first month as Baishakh.  Regardless of who adopted the Bengali calendar and the new year, states Sen, it helped collect land taxes after the spring harvest based on traditional Bengali calendar, because the Islamic Hijri calendar created administrative difficulties in setting the collection date. In the old Bengali calendar, the first five months had 31 days and the remaining seven months 30, with Falgun, the 11th month, having an additional day in the leap year.
The Bengali era is called Bengali Sambat (BS) or the Bengali year (বাংলা সন Bangla Sôn, বাংলা সাল Bangla sal, or Bangabda) has a zero year that starts in 593/594 CE. It lists all significant public, national, government, regional and religious festivals. Christmas Eve is the day before Christmas Day and falls on December 24 in the Gregorian calendar.
Christmas Day is one of the biggest Christian celebrations and falls on December 25 in the Gregorian calendar. After the change December 16 will fall on Poush 1, not on the second day of the month. Calendars – online and print friendly – for any year and month The current Bangla calendar system was established in Bangladesh in 1988. , The Bengali calendar is a solar calendar..
 In rural Bengali communities of India, the Bengali calendar is credited to "Bikromaditto", like many other parts of India and Nepal. Most of the Bengali festivals are determined based on the position of the Sun and the Moon. 'Baṅgābda') is a luni-solar calendar used in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent.
For example, Buddhist texts and inscriptions created in the Pala Empire era mention "Vikrama" and the months such as Ashvin, a system found in Sanskrit texts elsewhere in ancient and medieval Indian subcontinent. Bengali New Year will also fall on April 14, Rabindra Joyanti of Baishakh 25 on May 8 and Nazrul Joyanti of Jaishthha 11 on May 25. Namkaran naming ceremony As Bengali date 1,9,13,15,16,17, Related Articles West Bengal public holidays. The day begins and ends at sunrise in the Bengali calendar, unlike in the Gregorian calendar, where the day starts at midnight.
1: A–M, Rosen Publishing, "Google Doodle Celebrates Pohela Boishakh in Bangladesh", Bengali calendar or বাংলা ক্যালেন্ডার with daily Ponjika, Bangla Calendar: The Origin of Bangla new year and celebrating Pahela Baishakh, Official Bangla Calendar of Bangladesh for 1425, Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bengali_calendars&oldid=986888687, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 16:10.
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